Immunity and duplicity:

biopolitics in a dual extensive world Sharing my paper (20-minute presentation) for the International Conference Immunity and Contagion: Philosophical and Biopolitical Approaches Toward the Pandemic 29-30 September 2022, Vilnius Introduction In his early attempt to win the favour of Fichte, Schelling, at a ripe philosophical age, expanded one of Fichte's intellectual concepts to propose a … Continue reading Immunity and duplicity:

Schelling on Negativity

(excerpt from Self-correcting Paths of Negativity and the Positive in Nature: We have to concede, though, with Hegel when he puts it that there is a logical possibility to recover the ‘whole’, in the guise of the singularity of the Subject (described in the Phenomenology of the Spirit as somewhat analogous to Substance) referring … Continue reading Schelling on Negativity

On the non-evidence of freedom in Spinoza

Schelling calls it the boundary that sustains the dual extensity between excitability and irritability, remisniscent of Plato’s chora. It’s the proverbial indivisible remainder that splits our consciousness of reality between quantitative indifference and mere difference, between potency and the immanence of phenomenology. It is the space interval where consciousness can posit the self-evidence of negativity … Continue reading On the non-evidence of freedom in Spinoza

Endarkening and the Limit of the Thinkable

'On the Occasion of World Philosophy Day' [I was invited to give a talk on the theme of Endarkenment. Below is my pitch. There’s slight correction from first upload] To be honest about the topic, the text I have in mind that approaches the theme of endarkenment or the concept of endarkening is the Dark … Continue reading Endarkening and the Limit of the Thinkable

What is a God-lobster? (quick note)

To get a clear picture of what Deleuze is saying here concerning the dark precursor that is nature, suppose God is a lobster, “a double pincer, a double bind.”[1] There is a bit of Schellingian aura here, apropos the Deleuzian double articulation (of matter or nature), which states: ‘articulate twice, B-A, BA.”[2] The bi-polar nature of nature, … Continue reading What is a God-lobster? (quick note)

Destruction or Collapse?

As Schelling argued, nature's destruction takes effect under the combined principles of oikos and telos, or economic teleology,[1] in which nature is conceived as a “fixed, and self-enclosed existence.”[2] This concept of nature reflects the condition of “reason and the human race,” which, as Schelling argued in one of his public polemics, has become in itself unable … Continue reading Destruction or Collapse?


As to how nature becomes conceivable by its finite manifestations, or how nature is thought negatively, the task of the philosophy of nature, in a Deleuzean sense, is to deterritorialize a concept of nature known to reason. The difference between the idea of the cosmos and that of the earth is an excellent example to … Continue reading THE DELEUZE-SCHELLING CONJUNCTION

Short of A Transcritique

How does one explore a hermeneutic reading of nature that expands the Kantian theory of aesthetics beyond the need for beauty to support the final subjective interest of reason? As in Kant’s third Critique, this subjective interest must necessarily culminate in establishing the purposiveness of nature by moral intelligence. The recoil to subjective purposiveness demonstrates that … Continue reading Short of A Transcritique

Brief Note on the Schellingianism of Zizek

In ‘Philosophical Letters on Criticism and Dogmatism,’ which predates his famous Naturphilosophie, Schelling identifies the proverbial synthetic ego or the transcendental I as a suspension apparatus that forces itself to create an artificial environment between the real world and the self. It is through this ego that, as Schelling argues, one’s “intuition of the world … Continue reading Brief Note on the Schellingianism of Zizek


Advanced text for Webinar on Philosophy of Nature Introduction For the first part of my discussion, I would like to begin with Aristotle, one of the most influential pagans of the ancient world, who once said that humans are ‘adapted by nature to receive virtues.’   Hundreds of centuries later, Thomas Aquinas, the  angelic doctor, expanded on … Continue reading NATURE AS A POSTULATE